Tubular
Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the

production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce

volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of

the most

used technologies for microalgae production

in

closed systems. Ideal

for the production

of high-value and high-quality products and the

production of strains

that require

a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology

microalgae

Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular

Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for

the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that

require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology

microalgae

Tubular Photobioreactors

| A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of

high-value and high-quality products and

the production of strains that require
a strict control of
temperature, or
that produce

volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular

Photobioreactors are one

of
the most
used technologies for microalgae production
in closed
systems. Ideal

for the production of high-value and

high-quality products and the production of

strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors

are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality

products and the production of strains that require a

strict control

of

temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors

|
A4F
  Tubular

Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for

the
production of high-value
and high-quality

products and the production of strains

that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors
| A4F
  Tubular

Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the

production of high-value and
high-quality products and the production
of
strains that require a
strict control of temperature, or that produce
volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors
| A4F   Tubular
Photobioreactors are one of the
most used
technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and
the

production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or

that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F   Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

Tubular Photobioreactors

 

  • Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems.
  • Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds.
  • The tubes arrangement versatility is an asset for optimal cost-effective production. For instance, it can be designed to act as a solar collector (Unilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR) or provide the highest amount of photosynthetic area using the minimum implantation surface (Multilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR).
  • A4F has a large experience optimizing this production technology, for different algae species, location, environmental characteristics and type of product / applications of our Customers.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Fluid flow dynamics: reduction of the reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes.
  • Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along all the PBR piping extension (> 100 m long).
  • Optimized global mass and energy balance: O2, CO2, nutrients mixing, thermoregulation through internal coils.
  • Energetic optimization for cost-effective production: efficient circulation pumps.
  • Improved culture management via parameter control, analysis and fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity, pH, temperature.

 

  • MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • This configuration comprises several layers of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which means that it has a higher volume to area ratio. This configuration is the most common in the microalgae sector, and has been used for several years in A4F. This configuration allows more flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell and decrease the photo-inhibition effect.
    • Ideal for applications with artificial illumination as only or additional energy source, since the area available for artificial light exposure is high, compared to an unilayer configuration.
    • Higher ratio volume/area
      • More flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell
      • Temperature is more easily controlled, which might represent an advantage in extreme heat environments
      • Degassing less critical => higher volume for oxygen build-up
  • UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • A PBR system developed as an optimization of the multilayer for most applications. Its special configuration comprises one sole layer of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which maximizes the available radiation per cell, enabling a very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows a maximization of the volumetric productivity and consequently higher culture concentrations and a more robust culture; another direct impact of its higher volumetric productivity is the decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture
    • Ideal for cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
    • Lower ratio volume/area
      • Lower amount of water and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of CAPEX and OPEX
      • Higher concentration of the biomass => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity
About

What Company

History
Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological
Platforms

Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS

About

What Company History Resources Culture

Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms

Microalgae
Track Record Services

Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors

most used
technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control
temperature that

produce volatile

compounds tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective

production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal
Tubular provide

highest amount photosynthetic area using

minimum implantation

surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience

optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics:

reduction
reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow
dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization

cost
effective production: efficient circulation
pumps Improved
culture management parameter control
analysis
fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration
most common microalgae sector been used

several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo
inhibition effect
Ideal applications
with

artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available

radiation
cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture
concentrations

more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric

productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar
radiation Lower ratio
volume/area
Lower amount

water inorganic

nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future

Rights Resevered

Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production

closed
systems Ideal production high value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost

effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation
surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large

experience optimizing this

production technology different algae

species location

environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity

areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global

mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils Energetic

optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation

pumps Improved
culture management parameter
control
analysis fast response: adjust
culture circulation velocity
temperature

MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most

common
microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition

effect
Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available
artificial
light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher
ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily

controlled which might represent advantage

extreme heat environments

Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer
tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this
configuration allows
maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust

culture;

another direct

impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume

culture Ideal cultures
growing exclusively

with solar

radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients

required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass Better

culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About
What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach
Microalgae

track record Technological Platforms Services

Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS

About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most used technologies

microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation
surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience

optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow
dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils

Energetic optimization

cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This

configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which means that higher
volume area ratio

This configuration most common microalgae sector

been used several

years This configuration allows

more flexibility
vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial

illumination only additional energy source since area available

artificial light

exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area More flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing

less

critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy
Policy

Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high

quality products production

strains that require strict control

temperature that produce

volatile compounds biotechnology

microalgae Tubular

Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost

effective production instance designed solar
collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area
using
minimum implantation surface Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global

mass energy balance:
nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal

coils
Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years

This configuration

allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal

applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial

light exposure high compared

unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer

tubes disposed
horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this
configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount water

inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration
biomass Better culture conditions quality

higher annual productivity

About What Company History
Resources Culture collection
Industrial

production Approach Microalgae track

record Technological Platforms Services
Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular
Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors
most used technologies microalgae
production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area
using
minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN
ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor
zero

velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance:
nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration comprises

several layers

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination

only additional

energy

source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most

applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass
Better culture conditions quality
higher annual productivity
Algae future

Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy

Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production

strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems

Ideal
production high value high quality products production strains that
require
strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed
solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide
highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer

Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this

production

technology different algae species

location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension

long Optimized

global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation
through internal

coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps

Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation

velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This
configuration
allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition
effect

Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer

configuration Higher

ratio volume/area More flexibility

vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system developed optimization

multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration
allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact

higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting

costs lower total

volume
culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area
Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX

OPEX

Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture

collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services

Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018

Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources

Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae

Track
Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors
most
used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high
value
high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset
optimal

cost effective production

instance

designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area

using minimum

implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this
production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product

applications
Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy
balance: nutrients

mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis

fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area

ratio This

configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease
photo
inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer

most applications special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients

required reduction CAPEX

OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights
Resevered
Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products
production strains that require
strict
control temperature that produce volatile compounds
biotechnology

microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high

value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset optimal
cost effective
production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular
provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics:

reduction reactor

zero velocity areas/dead volumes

Fluid flow

dynamics:
constant velocity along

piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture

management
parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation
velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers
tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume

area ratio This configuration most common

microalgae sector been used several

years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional

energy source

since area available artificial light exposure

high compared unilayer
configuration Higher
ratio volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat

environments Degassing less critical higher
volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications
special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct

impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting
costs lower total volume
culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
Lower

ratio volume/area Lower

amount water

inorganic
nutrients required reduction CAPEX
OPEX
Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae

track record Technological Platforms Services

Consultancy services

Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts

©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History

Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach

Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects

News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict

control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal

cost effective

production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area

using minimum

implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental

characteristics
type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero
velocity areas/dead volumes
Fluid flow
dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients

mixing

thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture

management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which
means that
higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been
used

several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications

special configuration comprises

sole

layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel
ground which maximizes
available
radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume

culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar
radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems

Ideal production high

value high quality products

production strains that require

strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that

require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds

tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production

instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide

highest

amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience

optimizing

this production technology different

algae species location

environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics:
reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics:
constant velocity along
piping extension long Optimized global
mass energy balance: nutrients

mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production:

efficient

circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which

means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been

used several
years This configuration allows
more

flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition

effect Ideal

applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source

since

area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area

More flexibility

vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments
Degassing

less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed
optimization multilayer
most applications
special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture;

another direct

impact higher volumetric

productivity decrease harvesting
costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount water inorganic nutrients

required reduction CAPEX OPEX

Higher concentration

biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources

Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018

Algae
future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What
Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high
quality products production strains that
require strict control temperature that produce

volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost

effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount

photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large
experience
optimizing this

production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity

areas/dead volumes
Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic

optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture

management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature MULTILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers

tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which

means that higher

volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years

This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might

represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell

enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture

Ideal cultures growing exclusively
with solar radiation Lower
ratio
volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required
reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy

Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used
technologies

microalgae production closed systems Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains

that require strict control temperature that produce
volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance
designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal
Tubular provide

highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation

surface Multilayer

Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this

production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity

areas/dead volumes

Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass

energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils

Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This configuration comprises several layers tubes

disposed

horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio

This
configuration most common microalgae sector
been used several years This configuration allows more

flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal

applications
with artificial illumination only additional energy source
since area available

artificial light

exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility

vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very

high

photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric
productivity consequently higher

culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume
culture Ideal

cultures growing exclusively with

solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About
What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms
Services Consultancy services

Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered

BYDAS

About What Company History Resources Culture

Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record

Services Consultancy Services Technical Services

Training Projects
Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used
technologies
microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production
strains

that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular

provide
highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location

environmental characteristics

type product applications

Customers MAIN
ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective
production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control
analysis fast response: adjust
culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most
common microalgae sector been used
several years This
configuration allows more
flexibility
vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition
effect Ideal applications
with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high
compared unilayer configuration

Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical

higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes

available radiation

cell enabling
very high photosynthetic efficiency; this
configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher

culture concentrations

more robust

culture; another direct impact higher volumetric

productivity
decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required
reduction
CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered
Home

About Services Contacts

Privacy Policy
Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high
value high quality
products production
strains
that require strict control temperature that produce volatile

compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems

Ideal
production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer
Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal
Tubular large experience

optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental

characteristics type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping

extension
long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture
management parameter
control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes
disposed

horizontally parallel ground which means that

higher volume

area ratio This

configuration most

common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows

more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell decrease photo inhibition

effect

Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel

ground
which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity
consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease
harvesting costs

lower total volume culture Ideal cultures

growing
exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio
volume/area
Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better
culture conditions quality higher annual productivity
About What Company
History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical
services Training
Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae
production closed systems
Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce
volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing
this production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant

velocity along

piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils

Energetic optimization cost effective

production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response:
adjust culture circulation

velocity temperature MULTILAYER

HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which means that higher volume area

ratio

This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more

flexibility

vary ratio light/cell decrease photo

inhibition effect Ideal
applications with artificial illumination
only additional energy source since
area available

artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments

Degassing less

critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer

most

applications special

configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which maximizes
available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher
volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower
total volume

culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required

reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher

annual

productivity Algae future Rights Resevered

Home About
Services Contacts

Privacy Policy

Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed

systems Ideal production high

value
high quality
products
production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds
biotechnology

microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems

Ideal production high value

high quality

products production

strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset
optimal cost

effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer

Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large

experience optimizing this production technology different algae species

location

environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics:

reduction reactor

zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients

mixing thermoregulation through

internal
coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation
pumps Improved
culture management parameter control

analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers

tubes disposed
horizontally parallel ground
which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used
several

years This configuration allows more

flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature

more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available

radiation
cell enabling
very

high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with

solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological

Platforms

Services Consultancy services

Technical services

Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality

products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost effective production

instance designed solar collector Unilayer

Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics

type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved
culture management

parameter control analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature
MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration
comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae

sector been used

several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications

with artificial illumination only
additional
energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary
ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme
heat

environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises
sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which
maximizes

available radiation cell enabling

very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric

productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture

Ideal cultures growing exclusively with

solar radiation Lower ratio
volume/area Lower
amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction
CAPEX

OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights

Resevered

Home About

Services Contacts Privacy

Policy Terms

  Tubular Photobioreactors most used
technologies

microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement
versatility
asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar

collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing

this

production technology different algae

species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers
MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized

global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation

pumps Improved

culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial

light
exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily
controlled
which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications
special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling
very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently
higher culture
concentrations more robust
culture; another direct
impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required

reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions

quality higher annual
productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects

Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered
BYDAS

About What Company History Resources Culture

Collection
Industrial production Approach
Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services
Training Projects

Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value

high quality

products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal

cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic

area

using minimum

implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing

this production technology
different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity
along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation
through internal
coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management

parameter control analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications
with artificial illumination only

additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer

configuration Higher ratio
volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled
which might

represent advantage extreme heat environments

Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special
configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
Lower
ratio volume/area Lower
amount water

inorganic nutrients

required

reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass

Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors

most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains that require

strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value

high quality products
production strains that
require strict

control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement

versatility asset

optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount

photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large

experience optimizing this

production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture

circulation velocity temperature

MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR
This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which

means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more

flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination

only additional energy

source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily

controlled which might

represent advantage

extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR
system developed

optimization multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact

higher volumetric
productivity decrease harvesting costs lower
total volume culture

Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration
biomass Better

culture conditions quality higher annual productivity