Tubular
Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the
production of

high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors

are one of the most used technologies

for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production

of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular

Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal

for the

production of high-value

and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict

control of temperature,

or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are
one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed
systems. Ideal
for the production
of high-value

and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a

strict control of temperature,

or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in

closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality

products and

the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular
Photobioreactors are
one of

the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and

high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae

Tubular Photobioreactors |

A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors

are one

of the most

used technologies for microalgae production in closed

systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products
and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce
volatile compounds. The...

biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are

one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for

the production of high-value and high-quality products

and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature,

or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F
  Tubular Photobioreactors are
one of the most used technologies for microalgae
production in closed
systems. Ideal

for the production of

high-value and

high-quality products

and the production of strains that require

a strict control of

temperature, or that produce

volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most
used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of
high-value and
high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of
temperature,
or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae
Tubular

Photobioreactors | A4F

Tubular Photobioreactors

 

  • Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems.
  • Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds.
  • The tubes arrangement versatility is an asset for optimal cost-effective production. For instance, it can be designed to act as a solar collector (Unilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR) or provide the highest amount of photosynthetic area using the minimum implantation surface (Multilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR).
  • A4F has a large experience optimizing this production technology, for different algae species, location, environmental characteristics and type of product / applications of our Customers.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Fluid flow dynamics: reduction of the reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes.
  • Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along all the PBR piping extension (> 100 m long).
  • Optimized global mass and energy balance: O2, CO2, nutrients mixing, thermoregulation through internal coils.
  • Energetic optimization for cost-effective production: efficient circulation pumps.
  • Improved culture management via parameter control, analysis and fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity, pH, temperature.

 

  • MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • This configuration comprises several layers of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which means that it has a higher volume to area ratio. This configuration is the most common in the microalgae sector, and has been used for several years in A4F. This configuration allows more flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell and decrease the photo-inhibition effect.
    • Ideal for applications with artificial illumination as only or additional energy source, since the area available for artificial light exposure is high, compared to an unilayer configuration.
    • Higher ratio volume/area
      • More flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell
      • Temperature is more easily controlled, which might represent an advantage in extreme heat environments
      • Degassing less critical => higher volume for oxygen build-up
  • UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • A PBR system developed as an optimization of the multilayer for most applications. Its special configuration comprises one sole layer of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which maximizes the available radiation per cell, enabling a very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows a maximization of the volumetric productivity and consequently higher culture concentrations and a more robust culture; another direct impact of its higher volumetric productivity is the decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture
    • Ideal for cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
    • Lower ratio volume/area
      • Lower amount of water and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of CAPEX and OPEX
      • Higher concentration of the biomass => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity
About
What Company History
Resources
Culture collection Industrial production

Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company

History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach
Technological

Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services

Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies

microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large

experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass
energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter

control analysis fast response:

adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration
comprises
several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration

most

common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary

ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only

additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which
might represent advantage

extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications

special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity

consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass

Better culture conditions quality higher
annual

productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts

Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature
that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular
Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control
temperature
that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility
asset

optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large

experience

optimizing this production technology different

algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero

velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity
along

piping extension long Optimized global

mass
energy balance: nutrients mixing

thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation

velocity

temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common

microalgae sector been used several years This
configuration allows
more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo
inhibition effect Ideal

applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared

unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility
vary ratio light/cell Temperature more
easily controlled which might represent advantage
extreme
heat environments Degassing less critical higher
volume

oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR
system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel

ground which
maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower
ratio volume/area
Lower amount water inorganic nutrients
required reduction

CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About
What Company History Resources Culture collection
Industrial
production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services

Consultancy services

Technical

services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae

future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About
What Company History Resources Culture
Collection Industrial production Approach

Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors

most used technologies microalgae production closed

systems

Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains

that require strict control temperature that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost effective production instance

designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular

provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface
Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing this production technology different algae

species location environmental
characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES
Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor

zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization

cost effective production:

efficient circulation

pumps Improved

culture management parameter control analysis

fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This
configuration
allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled

which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which

maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric

productivity consequently
higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions

quality

higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular

Photobioreactors

most used technologies microalgae

production closed systems Ideal production
high value
high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that
produce

volatile compounds

biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis

fast response: adjust culture circulation

velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This
configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed
horizontally parallel ground which means

that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years

This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure

high

compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily

controlled which

might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen

build
UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization
multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available
radiation

cell enabling

very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity
consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture;

another

direct impact higher volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume
culture
Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar
radiation Lower ratio

volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial

production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical

services

Training Projects Projects

Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture
Collection Industrial
production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects
Projects Projects News
Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high
quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that
produce volatile
compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow
dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis

fast
response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This

configuration comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

means that

higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several

years

This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell decrease

photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility

vary
ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage
extreme

heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system

developed optimization multilayer most applications special

configuration comprises

sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel

ground which maximizes available

radiation cell enabling

very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration
allows maximization
volumetric productivity
consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct

impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with solar radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic

nutrients required reduction
CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future
Rights Resevered

Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production closed
systems

Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production

instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide

highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface
Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing
this production technology different

algae species location environmental

characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping

extension

long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps

Improved culture
management parameter control analysis fast
response:

adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR

This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae

sector been used
several years This configuration
allows
more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR
system developed

optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer

tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which maximizes

available
radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic
efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust

culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal
cultures
growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions
quality
higher annual

productivity

About What Company

History Resources Culture
collection
Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical
services Training
Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors
Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal
production high value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental

characteristics
type product applications
Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor

zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy
balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation
through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast
response: adjust

culture circulation

velocity temperature
MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration
comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means

that higher
volume area
ratio This

configuration most

common microalgae
sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell
decrease photo

inhibition effect

Ideal

applications with artificial

illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high

compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell
Temperature

more easily

controlled which might represent advantage extreme

heat environments

Degassing less critical higher volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system developed optimization multilayer most

applications special

configuration
comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes
available radiation cell

enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization

volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal

cultures
growing exclusively with solar
radiation
Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher
annual productivity Algae future
Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy

Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that

produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production

closed systems Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains

that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds
tubes
arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar
collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor

zero velocity

areas/dead volumes Fluid flow

dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective

production: efficient circulation

pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that

higher volume

area ratio This configuration most common microalgae
sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared

unilayer

configuration Higher ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel
ground which maximizes available radiation
cell enabling

very high photosynthetic

efficiency; this

configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently

higher culture concentrations more

robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric

productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture

Ideal cultures

growing exclusively with solar

radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better
culture conditions quality higher
annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record
Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical

services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved

Powered

BYDAS About What Company History Resources

Culture Collection
Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record

Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value

high quality
products production strains that require

strict control

temperature that produce

volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest

amount photosynthetic area using minimum

implantation

surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location

environmental

characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing

thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient

circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust
culture circulation
velocity temperature
MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae
sector
been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio
light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available
artificial light exposure high compared unilayer
configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might

represent advantage extreme

heat environments

Degassing less critical higher volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer
most applications special configuration comprises

sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available

radiation cell enabling very

high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher

culture

concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount water

inorganic nutrients

required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions

quality higher

annual productivity
Algae future
Rights

Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors
most used
technologies microalgae production
closed systems Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile

compounds
biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular
Photobioreactors

most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict

control

temperature that produce volatile compounds

tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular

provide highest amount photosynthetic area using

minimum implantation surface Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow

dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension

long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally

parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio

This configuration
most common microalgae sector
been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo

inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since

area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special

configuration comprises

sole layer tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground

which

maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct

impact higher volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting costs

lower

total volume culture Ideal cultures

growing

exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher

annual
productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach

Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services

Consultancy services

Technical
services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved

Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources

Culture Collection Industrial

production Approach Technological

Platforms Microalgae

Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects

News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production
high value high quality products production strains
that

require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production

instance

designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using

minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant

velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization

cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature

MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration comprises
several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area
ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility

vary

ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal

applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light

exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme

heat
environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct

impact

higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs

lower
total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required

reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future

Rights Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production high value

high quality

products
production strains that require strict control
temperature

that produce

volatile
compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors
Tubular Photobioreactors
most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict
control temperature

that produce

volatile
compounds tubes arrangement versatility
asset optimal cost effective production
instance

designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients

mixing
thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective
production:
efficient circulation pumps
Improved culture
management parameter control
analysis
fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This
configuration comprises several layers
tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration

most common
microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily
controlled
which might
represent advantage
extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high

photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity

consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity

decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio

volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic
nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity
About What Company

History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae

track

record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services

Training Projects
Projects Projects News
Contacts
©2018 Algae
future

Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach

Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae

production closed systems Ideal production
high value high quality
products production strains that require

strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective

production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular

provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum

implantation surface Multilayer

Horizontal Tubular large experience

optimizing this production technology

different algae species

location environmental characteristics type

product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized
global

mass energy balance: nutrients

mixing thermoregulation

through internal coils Energetic

optimization cost effective production: efficient

circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This

configuration comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which means that higher

volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease

photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area

available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen

build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration

allows

maximization volumetric productivity consequently

higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal

cultures
growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction

CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual

productivity Algae future
Rights Resevered Home About Services
Contacts
Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors
most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal
production

high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production

high value high

quality
products production strains that
require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular
large experience optimizing this production

technology different

algae species location
environmental

characteristics type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping

extension

long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control

analysis fast response:
adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which means that higher volume area

ratio This configuration most

common microalgae sector been used

several years

This configuration allows

more flexibility
vary ratio
light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with
artificial illumination only
additional energy source since

area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration

Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture
Ideal

cultures growing exclusively with solar

radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required

reduction CAPEX OPEX

Higher

concentration biomass Better culture

conditions quality

higher annual productivity

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects

News Contacts

©2018 Algae

future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track

Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require
strict control
temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement
versatility asset optimal

cost effective production instance designed solar

collector
Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different

algae species location environmental
characteristics type product
applications Customers

MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics:
reduction reactor zero
velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR
This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally
parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source

since area available artificial
light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat
environments
Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer

most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this

configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more

robust culture; another direct

impact higher

volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with
solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered
Home About

Services Contacts Privacy

Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies

microalgae production

closed

systems Ideal production high value high

quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors

most
used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains
that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal

Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction

reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal
coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps
Improved culture management
parameter control
analysis fast response: adjust

culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher

volume

area ratio This configuration

most common microalgae sector been
used several years This configuration
allows more
flexibility
vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage
extreme heat

environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system

developed

optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer

tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric productivity
consequently higher culture concentrations more
robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with

solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required

reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About
What Company History Resources Culture
collection

Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy

services Technical services Training Projects Projects

Projects News

Contacts

©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS

About
What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach
Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record
Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production

strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal

cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation surface
Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production
technology different
algae species

location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global

mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation
through internal coils Energetic optimization cost

effective production: efficient circulation

pumps Improved culture management
parameter control

analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel
ground which means that higher volume area
ratio This

configuration most

common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source

since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration

Higher ratio

volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily

controlled
which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization

multilayer most applications special

configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground

which maximizes available radiation cell

enabling very high

photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more

robust

culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area

Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients

required
reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms
  Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed
systems Ideal production high value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile
compounds

tubes arrangement

versatility

asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar

collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular
provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular
large experience
optimizing this production technology different algae

species location environmental characteristics type

product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics:
reduction reactor zero velocity

areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant
velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved

culture management parameter control

analysis fast response: adjust culture

circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This

configuration most

common

microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition effect

Ideal
applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available

artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher

ratio volume/area More flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments

Degassing less critical higher
volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system developed optimization multilayer

most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization

volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX

Higher concentration biomass Better

culture conditions quality higher annual
productivity About
What Company
History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae
track record

Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What

Company History
Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors
most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high

value high quality products production strains that require
strict

control temperature that produce volatile

compounds tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production

instance designed solar

collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing

this

production technology different

algae species location environmental

characteristics type product

applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes

Fluid
flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils
Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps
Improved

culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust

culture circulation velocity
temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground
which means that
higher

volume area ratio

This
configuration most common microalgae sector been used several
years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio
light/cell
decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration

allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently

higher

culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX

OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae
production closed

systems Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production
high value high quality

products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal

Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal

Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae

species location environmental characteristics type

product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy
balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal coils

Energetic optimization cost effective

production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management

parameter
control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration
comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher

volume area

ratio

This configuration most common

microalgae sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial
illumination only
additional energy source since area
available artificial light exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments

Degassing less

critical
higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system
developed
optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises
sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling

very high
photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity
consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture; another

direct impact higher volumetric productivity
decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower
ratio
volume/area Lower amount
water inorganic nutrients required

reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass Better

culture conditions

quality higher annual productivity