A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated

experience

in microalgae

R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build,

operation and transfer of commercial-scale

microalgae production units, using different technologies that better

adapt

to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F is a

biotechnology company

with more than 15

years of accumulated experience

in microalgae R&D,

and microalgae

production. A4F

is specialized in the design, build, operation

and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae

Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F
is a biotechnology company with more than 15
years of accumulated

experience in

microalgae R&D, and

microalgae production. A4F

is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer

of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways |
A4F A4F is a biotechnology

company with more than 15 years of accumulated

experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is

specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better

adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology company

with

more than 15 years of accumulated experience

in

microalgae R&D,

and microalgae production. A4F
is specialized in the design, build, operation and
transfer of

commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology company with more than

15 years

of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build,
operation and

transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units,

using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and

microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build,

operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies
that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae
Cascade Raceways | A4F A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of
accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the
design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae
production units, using different technologies that better adapt to
our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F
A4F is a biotechnology
company with
more than 15 years of accumulated
experience in microalgae R&D, and
microalgae production. A4F is specialized
in the
design, build, operation and transfer of
commercial-scale microalgae production units, using
different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F
A4F is a
biotechnology company
with more than 15
years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Cascade Raceways

Tubular Photobioreactors

 

  • Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems.
  • Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds.
  • The tubes arrangement versatility is an asset for optimal cost-effective production. For instance, it can be designed to act as a solar collector (Unilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR) or provide the highest amount of photosynthetic area using the minimum implantation surface (Multilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR).
  • A4F has a large experience optimizing this production technology, for different algae species, location, environmental characteristics and type of product / applications of our Customers.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Fluid flow dynamics: reduction of the reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes.
  • Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along all the PBR piping extension (> 100 m long).
  • Optimized global mass and energy balance: O2, CO2, nutrients mixing, thermoregulation through internal coils.
  • Energetic optimization for cost-effective production: efficient circulation pumps.
  • Improved culture management via parameter control, analysis and fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity, pH, temperature.

 

  • MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • This configuration comprises several layers of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which means that it has a higher volume to area ratio. This configuration is the most common in the microalgae sector, and has been used for several years in A4F. This configuration allows more flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell and decrease the photo-inhibition effect.
    • Ideal for applications with artificial illumination as only or additional energy source, since the area available for artificial light exposure is high, compared to an unilayer configuration.
    • Higher ratio volume/area
      • More flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell
      • Temperature is more easily controlled, which might represent an advantage in extreme heat environments
      • Degassing less critical => higher volume for oxygen build-up
  • UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • A PBR system developed as an optimization of the multilayer for most applications. Its special configuration comprises one sole layer of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which maximizes the available radiation per cell, enabling a very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows a maximization of the volumetric productivity and consequently higher culture concentrations and a more robust culture; another direct impact of its higher volumetric productivity is the decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture
    • Ideal for cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
    • Lower ratio volume/area
      • Lower amount of water and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of CAPEX and OPEX
      • Higher concentration of the biomass => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity

Flat-panel Photobioreactors

FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR (FP-PBR)

  • This closed photobioreactors offer a solution to improve contamination control and achieve higher volumetric productivities.
  • Within closed systems, the most versatile and economic system for the cultivation of microalgae is the flat panel PBR constituted by a disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within a metal frame.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Lower capital investment (compared to other closed systems)
  • Easiness of operation possible to produce different microalgae (robust and fragile strains)
  • Flexibility and the capacity to be scaled-up
  • No civil construction required aside from a levelled and compacted site

GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR (GP-PBR)

  • A4F’s has developed a special GP-PBR design indicated for very delicate species, where a sterilization process and a complete sealed system is required; this GP is made of glass and high grade stainless steel.
  • This closed photobioreactor offers a complete solution to contamination control and achieve higher volumetric productivities.
  • Indicated for GMO species production and species highly sensitive to other organisms.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Ability to significantly reduce the exposure to other contaminant organisms trough is sealed configuration
  • Ability to sterilize the materials contacting the culture
  • Ability to produce high sensitive species with a higher performance
  • Easiness of operation and the capacity to be scaled-up

Cascade Raceways

  • Continuous design optimization since 2010 by A4F for cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs, productivity enhancement and weather specific conditions, such as high rainfall or sand storms.
  • This improved cascade raceway, deployed in 2014 in the scope of BIOFAT FP7 project, comprises two parallel-sloped ramps with opposite inclination. After this photosynthetic flow path, the culture flows into a covered tank and pumped back to the first sloped ramp.
  • Typical industrial production modules are 3.000 to 4.000 m2.
  • The CRW tank has the capacity to store the entire culture volume, which enables this type of raceway to be operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management. The CRW ramps slope and pump specifications were designed to operate with a reduced film thickness, 3 to 8 cm, which allows an increase in volumetric productivity and a decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture, when compared with a conventional raceway design, with water columns between 20 and 30 cm.
  • The CRW special configuration enables it to be operate trough the tank and also bypassing the tank, reducing considerably its energetic requirements.
  • Ideal for microalgae that grow in selective media and to every weather conditions.
  • Recommended for intensive microalgae production projects.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Lower ratio volume/area
    • Lower amount of water, and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of operation costs
    • Higher microalgae concentration => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity
  • Easier CO2 control and lower O2 build-up – better cultivation conditions => lower OPEX and higher annual productivity
  • Culture continuously flows through a pipe => Higher mixing efficiency and ability to control contaminants and optimized culture management
  • Storage capacity: capacity to protect the culture from extreme environmental conditions => Higher annual productivity and optimized culture management
  • Adjustable film thickness between 3 cm and 8 cm => optimized culture management

Conventional Raceway

  • Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls, liner, paddle wheels, and optional control systems. Ideal for microalgae that grow in selective media and to install in areas without large climate variations or frequent storms.
  • Over decades the most common design used for industrial deployment or large areas (over 10 ha up to 100 ha)
  • Typical industrial production modules are 5.000 m2 and 1.500 m3.
  • Recommended for wastewater treatment applications.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Low construction costs (compared to closed systems)
  • Easiness of operation
  • Flexibility and the capacity to be scaled-up
  • Few to none civil construction required aside from a levelled and compacted site

Fermenters

  • Available in 2018

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Higher biomass densities
  • Higher biomass productivities
  • Lower biomass production costs
  • Lower harvesting costs
  • Better replicability and scalability

Contact Us

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record

Technological Platforms Services
Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects

Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae

future
Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources
Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy

Services Technical

Services Training

Projects Projects Projects News Contacts

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade

Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains that require

strict
control temperature that produce volatile compounds
tubes arrangement versatility asset
optimal

cost effective

production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal

Tubular

provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology

different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN
ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow

dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils
Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps
Improved culture

management parameter

control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR
This configuration comprises
several
layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common

microalgae sector been used several years This

configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional
energy source

since area available

artificial

light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing

less

critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications

special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic

efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric

productivity decrease harvesting costs
lower

total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR
This closed
photobioreactors offer solution
improve contamination
control achieve

higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital

investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different
microalgae

robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless

steel This closed photobioreactor
offers complete solution contamination control achieve
higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant
organisms trough

sealed configuration Ability sterilize

materials
contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design
optimization since 2010
cost effective
microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather
specific
conditions such high rainfall sand
storms
This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT
project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After
this

photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered

tank

pumped back first sloped

ramp
Typical industrial production modules tank capacity
store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during
high precipitation seasons with better culture

management ramps

slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs

lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between

special configuration

enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective

media every weather

conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area
Lower amount water inorganic
nutrients
required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae

concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build

better cultivation conditions lower OPEX
higher annual productivity Culture continuously

flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency

ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that

include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas
without large climate

variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site

Fermenters Available

2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass

densities
Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production

costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability

scalability Contact

Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production

units using

different technologies that
better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways
About What
Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018

Algae
future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company
History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological
Platforms Microalgae Track Record
Services Consultancy
Services

Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL

PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways
Tubular

Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway

Tubular

Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require

strict

control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector

Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation

surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental

characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production:
efficient circulation

pumps Improved culture management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature
MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises
several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration

allows
more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since

area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer

most
applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower
ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration biomass

Better culture conditions quality higher
annual productivity Flat panel

Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher

volumetric productivities Within closed systems most

versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat

panel constituted
disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES
Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction
required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special
design

indicated very delicate species

where sterilization
process complete sealed system required;
this made

glass high grade stainless steel This closed

photobioreactor offers complete

solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN

ADVANTAGES

Ability significantly reduce

exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher
performance Easiness operation
capacity

scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design

optimization since 2010

cost effective

microalgae
production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high

rainfall sand storms This improved

cascade raceway deployed
2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped
ramps
with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into

covered tank

pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity

store entire culture

volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors

during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric

productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with

water
columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects
MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual

productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing

efficiency

ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect

culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include

containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used

industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules
Recommended

wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility

capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with

more than
years accumulated experience microalgae

microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies

that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae
Cascade Raceways

About What Company History

Resources Culture collection
Industrial production

Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services

Consultancy services
Technical services Training Projects
Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered
BYDAS About

What Company History Resources Culture Collection

Industrial
production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy
Services
Technical Services Training
Projects Projects
Projects News
Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel
Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways

Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic

area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large

experience optimizing this production technology different algae

species
location environmental characteristics
type

product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow

dynamics: constant velocity along

piping

extension long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps

Improved culture management parameter control analysis

fast response:
adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that

higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several

years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications

special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground

which maximizes available

radiation cell

enabling

very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization

volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed

photobioreactors offer solution improve
contamination

control achieve higher

volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable
transparent
LDPE film enclosed within
metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other

closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted

site
GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process

complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless

steel
This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly

sensitive other

organisms

MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting

culture
Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways
Continuous design

optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions

such

high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel

sloped
ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank
pumped back first sloped ramp
Typical

industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables

this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture

management ramps slope pump specifications were designed

operate
with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture
when compared with
conventional

raceway design with water columns between special configuration

enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae
concentration

Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture

continuously
flows through pipe
Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from
extreme
environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized
culture management

Adjustable film thickness between optimized

culture
management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated
algae ponds that

include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional

control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media

install

areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over

decades most common design used industrial

deployment

large areas over

Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment
applications
MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher
biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower
biomass

production costs Lower harvesting costs

Better replicability scalability

Contact Algae

future Rights Resevered Home About

Services

Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated

experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production

units using different technologies

that better adapt

Customers’

business biotechnology microalgae Cascade

Raceways About What Company

History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms

Services

Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services

Technical Services

Training Projects Projects
Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular
Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains

that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount

photosynthetic

area using

minimum implantation
surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero
velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant
velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic
optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control
analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes

disposed horizontally parallel

ground

which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration

most common

microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial

illumination

only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER
HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system
developed optimization

multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes

available

radiation cell enabling

very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume

culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower
ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients
required
reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher

annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control

achieve higher

volumetric productivities Within closed

systems most

versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE

film enclosed

within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower

capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation

possible produce different microalgae robust
fragile strains

Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS

PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed

photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve

higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive

other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant

organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species
with

higher performance

Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production

considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high

rainfall sand storms This improved cascade

raceway

deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises

parallel sloped ramps

with
opposite inclination After
this
photosynthetic flow

path culture flows into covered

tank pumped back

first sloped ramp Typical

industrial production modules

tank
capacity store entire culture
volume which enables this

type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons

with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were

designed

operate with

reduced film thickness

which allows increase volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting
costs lower

total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water

columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank

reducing considerably

energetic requirements

Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs

Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions

quality higher
annual productivity Easier control lower build
better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity

Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from

extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae

that grow selective media install areas without large climate
variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater
treatment applications
MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared

closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available

2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES
Higher

biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability

Contact Algae future Rights Resevered
Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae
microalgae production

specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae

Cascade Raceways

About What Company History Resources

Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects

Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical

Services Training

Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular

Photobioreactors
Flat Panel
Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade
Raceways Conventional
Raceway Tubular

Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production

strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds
tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer
Horizontal Tubular
provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface
Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different
algae species location environmental
characteristics
type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control

analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature

MULTILAYER
HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most
common microalgae
sector
been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility

vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional

energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme

heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER
HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises

sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization

volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio

volume/area

Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions

quality

higher annual productivity

Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination
control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust
fragile

strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil

construction
required aside from levelled compacted site
GLASS

PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special

design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass
high grade

stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution

contamination control
achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs
productivity enhancement

weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014

scope

BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank

pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity
store entire culture

volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management

ramps
slope pump specifications were designed

operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing

tank reducing

considerably energetic requirements

Ideal microalgae that

grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio

volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required

reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions

quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized

culture management

Storage capacity:

capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include

containment
walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow
selective
media install
areas without
large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed
systems Easiness

operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required

aside

from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN

ADVANTAGES Higher
biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs

Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation

transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways
About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial
production Approach Microalgae track
record Technological Platforms
Services
Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd
Powered

BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat

Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature
that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost effective production
instance designed

solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping

extension long Optimized global mass energy
balance: nutrients mixing
thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost
effective production: efficient
circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter
control analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This

configuration comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means

that higher

volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been

used

several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial

illumination

only additional energy source since area

available artificial

light
exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which

might represent advantage

extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen

build UNILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system

developed optimization
multilayer most applications
special

configuration comprises sole layer

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows
maximization
volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume

culture

Ideal cultures

growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed

photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most

versatile economic
system

cultivation microalgae

flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower

capital investment compared other closed systems

Easiness operation possible produce
different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required
aside from

levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s

developed special design

indicated

very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This

closed photobioreactor offers

complete solution contamination control

achieve higher volumetric productivities

Indicated
species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough

sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous

design optimization since

2010 cost
effective microalgae production

considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow

path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial

production modules tank capacity store

entire culture volume which enables
this type raceway operated
outdoors during

high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which

allows increase

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume

culture

when compared

with conventional raceway design with

water columns

between
special configuration enables
operate trough tank

also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae

that grow selective media every weather

conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better

cultivation conditions lower

OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe

Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants

optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions
Higher annual
productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls
liner paddle wheels

optional control systems Ideal microalgae that

grow selective

media install areas without large

climate variations

frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction

costs compared closed
systems Easiness operation Flexibility
capacity

scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES

Higher biomass densities Higher biomass
productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better
replicability scalability Contact
Algae
future Rights Resevered Home
About
Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build
operation

transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological

Platforms Services
Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial
production

Approach Technological

Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services

Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News
Contacts

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters

Cascade

Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement
versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide
highest
amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow
dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production:

efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control

analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature
MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel
ground which means
that higher volume area

ratio This configuration

most

common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease

photo

inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional

energy source since
area available artificial light

exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical

higher volume
oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization
multilayer most applications
special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground
which

maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher

culture

concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting

costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions

quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL

PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities

Within closed systems most versatile
economic
system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal
frame
MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction
required
aside from
levelled
compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate
species
where sterilization process complete sealed
system
required; this made glass high grade stainless
steel This

closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities

Indicated species

production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project

comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank
capacity

store entire culture volume which enables this type

raceway
operated outdoors during

high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness

which
allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae

that grow
selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme
environmental

conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management

Adjustable film thickness between

optimized culture
management Conventional
Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner
paddle
wheels optional control

systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media

install areas

without
large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most
common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications
MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs
compared closed

systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site

Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN

ADVANTAGES Higher

biomass densities

Higher biomass productivities

Lower

biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than

years accumulated experience
microalgae
microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology

microalgae Cascade Raceways

About What

Company History Resources

Culture collection
Industrial production
Approach

Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services

Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What

Company History Resources

Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological

Platforms

Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical

Services

Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways

Tubular Photobioreactors Flat

Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most

used
technologies microalgae production

closed systems

Ideal production high

value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar

collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide
highest amount photosynthetic
area using
minimum implantation

surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production

technology different algae

species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing

thermoregulation

through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective

production: efficient circulation pumps Improved
culture management parameter control analysis fast response:
adjust

culture circulation velocity

temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground

which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial

illumination only

additional energy

source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer

configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system

developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high
photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization

volumetric productivity

consequently higher culture concentrations

more robust culture; another direct impact
higher volumetric
productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount
water inorganic

nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture

conditions
quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This
closed
photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination
control

achieve higher volumetric productivities Within

closed
systems most versatile economic
system cultivation

microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower capital investment

compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust

fragile

strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted

site
GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated

very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This

closed photobioreactor

offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability
produce

high sensitive

species with higher performance

Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways
Continuous design optimization

since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity

enhancement weather specific conditions such high

rainfall sand

storms
This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope
BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite
inclination
After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered

tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules

tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors
during high precipitation seasons with

better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness

which
allows increase volumetric productivity
decrease
harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway
design
with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank
reducing considerably energetic requirements

Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather

conditions
Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients
required
reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX
higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through

pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage

capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway

Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment

walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas

without large climate variations frequent storms

Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large
areas over Typical industrial

production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil

construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher
biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability
scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae

production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae

Cascade

Raceways

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy

services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What
Company

History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae

Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services

Training Projects Projects Projects

News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors

Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict

control temperature
that
produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed
solar collector
Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum
implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience

optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics: reduction reactor zero

velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant
velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This

configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means

that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several
years

This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with
artificial illumination only

additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high

compared
unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility

vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling

very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease

harvesting costs

lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with
solar

radiation Lower ratio

volume/area
Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment
compared
other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction
required
aside from levelled compacted site
GLASS

PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless

steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination
control achieve higher
volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce
exposure other contaminant organisms trough

sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species

with

higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high

rainfall sand

storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture

flows into covered tank pumped back

first

sloped ramp

Typical industrial production modules
tank capacity store

entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high

precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design

with water columns

between special

configuration enables

operate trough tank also
bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather
conditions Recommended intensive microalgae

production projects MAIN

ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water

inorganic
nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better
culture
conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability

control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect

culture

from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional

control
systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media
install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common
design used

industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled

compacted

site Fermenters

Available 2018 MAIN

ADVANTAGES

Higher biomass densities

Higher biomass

productivities Lower

biomass production costs

Lower harvesting

costs Better replicability scalability Contact

Algae future Rights

Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy Policy
Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units

using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About What

Company History Resources Culture

collection

Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production

Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict

control temperature that produce

volatile compounds tubes arrangement

versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed

solar
collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular
provide highest

amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero

velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient

circulation pumps
Improved
culture management parameter control analysis fast

response: adjust culture

circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers
tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common

microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect

Ideal
applications with artificial illumination only
additional energy source since
area

available artificial light exposure high

compared unilayer

configuration Higher

ratio
volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent
advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen
build
UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer
tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust
culture; another

direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar

radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water

inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass Better
culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems

most versatile economic system cultivation

microalgae
flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed
within

metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains

Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site

GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s
developed special design indicated very
delicate species where
sterilization process complete sealed
system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed
photobioreactor offers complete
solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated

species production species highly sensitive other

organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES
Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough
sealed
configuration Ability sterilize

materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with

higher
performance Easiness operation capacity scaled
Cascade

Raceways Continuous

design

optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae

production considering
energetic costs productivity

enhancement weather

specific conditions such high rainfall
sand storms
This improved cascade
raceway deployed

2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this

photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered

tank pumped back first sloped ramp

Typical
industrial production modules tank capacity store entire
culture volume

which enables this

type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation
seasons with better

culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with

reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with

water

columns between special configuration enables operate trough

tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective

media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction

operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower
build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control
contaminants optimized culture management
Storage capacity: capacity
protect
culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity

optimized culture management

Adjustable film thickness between optimized

culture

management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include

containment walls
liner paddle wheels optional
control systems Ideal
microalgae that grow
selective media install areas without
large climate variations frequent storms

Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical

industrial production modules
Recommended wastewater
treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation
Flexibility capacity scaled none

civil construction required aside from levelled compacted

site

Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES

Higher biomass

densities Higher biomass productivities
Lower biomass
production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae
future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation
transfer

commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways