A4F is a

biotechnology company with

more than

15 years of accumulated experience

in microalgae R&D, and

microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design,

build,
operation and transfer of commercial-scale
microalgae
production units, using different technologies that better adapt
to our Customers’ business.
biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway |
A4F

A4F is

a biotechnology

company with more than

15 years of accumulated experience

in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build,

operation

and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that

better adapt

to our
Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway | A4F
A4F is
a biotechnology company with more than 15
years

of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae

production. A4F is specialized in the design, build,

operation and transfer of

commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology

company

with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is

specialized in

the
design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business.
biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway
| A4F
A4F is a biotechnology company with more than

15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design,

build,

operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business.

biotechnology microalgae

Conventional Raceway | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology company

with

more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the

design,

build, operation

and

transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production

units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway | A4F
A4F is a
biotechnology company

with more than 15 years of

accumulated experience in microalgae R&D,
and microalgae
production. A4F is
specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to
our Customers’ business. biotechnology

microalgae Conventional

Raceway

| A4F

A4F is a biotechnology
company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience
in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production.
A4F is

specialized in the design, build, operation

and transfer
of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway | A4F
A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway | A4F A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway | A4F

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Conventional Raceway

Tubular Photobioreactors

 

  • Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems.
  • Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds.
  • The tubes arrangement versatility is an asset for optimal cost-effective production. For instance, it can be designed to act as a solar collector (Unilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR) or provide the highest amount of photosynthetic area using the minimum implantation surface (Multilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR).
  • A4F has a large experience optimizing this production technology, for different algae species, location, environmental characteristics and type of product / applications of our Customers.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Fluid flow dynamics: reduction of the reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes.
  • Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along all the PBR piping extension (> 100 m long).
  • Optimized global mass and energy balance: O2, CO2, nutrients mixing, thermoregulation through internal coils.
  • Energetic optimization for cost-effective production: efficient circulation pumps.
  • Improved culture management via parameter control, analysis and fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity, pH, temperature.

 

  • MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • This configuration comprises several layers of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which means that it has a higher volume to area ratio. This configuration is the most common in the microalgae sector, and has been used for several years in A4F. This configuration allows more flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell and decrease the photo-inhibition effect.
    • Ideal for applications with artificial illumination as only or additional energy source, since the area available for artificial light exposure is high, compared to an unilayer configuration.
    • Higher ratio volume/area
      • More flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell
      • Temperature is more easily controlled, which might represent an advantage in extreme heat environments
      • Degassing less critical => higher volume for oxygen build-up
  • UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • A PBR system developed as an optimization of the multilayer for most applications. Its special configuration comprises one sole layer of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which maximizes the available radiation per cell, enabling a very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows a maximization of the volumetric productivity and consequently higher culture concentrations and a more robust culture; another direct impact of its higher volumetric productivity is the decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture
    • Ideal for cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
    • Lower ratio volume/area
      • Lower amount of water and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of CAPEX and OPEX
      • Higher concentration of the biomass => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity

Flat-panel Photobioreactors

FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR (FP-PBR)

  • This closed photobioreactors offer a solution to improve contamination control and achieve higher volumetric productivities.
  • Within closed systems, the most versatile and economic system for the cultivation of microalgae is the flat panel PBR constituted by a disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within a metal frame.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Lower capital investment (compared to other closed systems)
  • Easiness of operation possible to produce different microalgae (robust and fragile strains)
  • Flexibility and the capacity to be scaled-up
  • No civil construction required aside from a levelled and compacted site

GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR (GP-PBR)

  • A4F’s has developed a special GP-PBR design indicated for very delicate species, where a sterilization process and a complete sealed system is required; this GP is made of glass and high grade stainless steel.
  • This closed photobioreactor offers a complete solution to contamination control and achieve higher volumetric productivities.
  • Indicated for GMO species production and species highly sensitive to other organisms.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Ability to significantly reduce the exposure to other contaminant organisms trough is sealed configuration
  • Ability to sterilize the materials contacting the culture
  • Ability to produce high sensitive species with a higher performance
  • Easiness of operation and the capacity to be scaled-up

Cascade Raceways

  • Continuous design optimization since 2010 by A4F for cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs, productivity enhancement and weather specific conditions, such as high rainfall or sand storms.
  • This improved cascade raceway, deployed in 2014 in the scope of BIOFAT FP7 project, comprises two parallel-sloped ramps with opposite inclination. After this photosynthetic flow path, the culture flows into a covered tank and pumped back to the first sloped ramp.
  • Typical industrial production modules are 3.000 to 4.000 m2.
  • The CRW tank has the capacity to store the entire culture volume, which enables this type of raceway to be operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management. The CRW ramps slope and pump specifications were designed to operate with a reduced film thickness, 3 to 8 cm, which allows an increase in volumetric productivity and a decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture, when compared with a conventional raceway design, with water columns between 20 and 30 cm.
  • The CRW special configuration enables it to be operate trough the tank and also bypassing the tank, reducing considerably its energetic requirements.
  • Ideal for microalgae that grow in selective media and to every weather conditions.
  • Recommended for intensive microalgae production projects.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Lower ratio volume/area
    • Lower amount of water, and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of operation costs
    • Higher microalgae concentration => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity
  • Easier CO2 control and lower O2 build-up – better cultivation conditions => lower OPEX and higher annual productivity
  • Culture continuously flows through a pipe => Higher mixing efficiency and ability to control contaminants and optimized culture management
  • Storage capacity: capacity to protect the culture from extreme environmental conditions => Higher annual productivity and optimized culture management
  • Adjustable film thickness between 3 cm and 8 cm => optimized culture management

Conventional Raceway

  • Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls, liner, paddle wheels, and optional control systems. Ideal for microalgae that grow in selective media and to install in areas without large climate variations or frequent storms.
  • Over decades the most common design used for industrial deployment or large areas (over 10 ha up to 100 ha)
  • Typical industrial production modules are 5.000 m2 and 1.500 m3.
  • Recommended for wastewater treatment applications.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Low construction costs (compared to closed systems)
  • Easiness of operation
  • Flexibility and the capacity to be scaled-up
  • Few to none civil construction required aside from a levelled and compacted site

Fermenters

  • Available in 2018

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Higher biomass densities
  • Higher biomass productivities
  • Lower biomass production costs
  • Lower harvesting costs
  • Better replicability and scalability

Contact Us

About What Company History Resources

Culture collection Industrial production Approach

Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy

services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection

Industrial

production Approach Technological

Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular
Photobioreactors Flat

Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade

Raceways
Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors
Tubular Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high

quality products production strains that

require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset optimal cost effective

production instance designed

solar collector Unilayer

Horizontal
Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing
this
production technology

different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction

reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis

fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed
horizontally
parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo
inhibition effect Ideal applications
with

artificial illumination

only additional energy source

since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More

flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled
which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization
multilayer
most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground
which maximizes available
radiation cell
enabling very

high photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration allows maximization
volumetric

productivity consequently

higher culture concentrations
more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar
radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture

conditions quality
higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL
PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted

disposable transparent LDPE

film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other

closed systems Easiness operation
possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity
scaled civil
construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed
special

design indicated very

delicate

species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high

grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete
solution contamination

control achieve higher volumetric

productivities Indicated species production species

highly

sensitive other

organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability

sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance

Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific

conditions such
high rainfall
sand storms This
improved cascade raceway deployed
2014 scope BIOFAT project
comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination
After
this photosynthetic flow
path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store
entire culture

volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs

lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration
enables operate

trough tank

also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher

annual productivity Easier

control lower build

better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized
culture management
Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds
that

include containment walls liner paddle wheels

optional control
systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial
production modules

Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES

construction
costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018
MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher
biomass
densities Higher
biomass productivities Lower

biomass production costs

Lower harvesting
costs Better

replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About

Services Contacts

Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than

years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway

About
What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record
Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts

©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered

BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial

production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record

Services Consultancy

Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL

PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway

Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters

Cascade Raceways

Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production

high

value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature

that produce volatile
compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount

photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species

location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction

reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation

pumps

Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This configuration

comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio

This configuration most
common microalgae sector been used several

years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo

inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which maximizes available

radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity

decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions

quality

higher annual productivity

Flat
panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile
economic

system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction

required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where

sterilization process complete sealed system

required;
this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers
complete

solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production

species highly

sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize

materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since
2010 cost effective
microalgae

production considering

energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed

2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into

covered
tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical
industrial

production modules tank capacity store entire culture

volume
which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during
high precipitation

seasons with better

culture management ramps slope
pump specifications were
designed

operate with

reduced film

thickness which allows increase volumetric

productivity

decrease harvesting costs

lower total
volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water
columns between special

configuration enables

operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather

conditions

Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher

microalgae concentration Better culture

conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower

build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher

annual productivity Culture continuously
flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture
management
Storage capacity:
capacity protect
culture from extreme
environmental

conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management

Conventional Raceway

Prefabricated

algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae

that grow selective media install areas without

large climate variations frequent

storms
Over decades most
common

design used

industrial deployment large

areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction

required

aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs

Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae

future
Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized
design

build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services
Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors

Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional

Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal
production high

value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost
effective

production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface

Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics
type product applications Customers
MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients

mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils
Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation
pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes
disposed
horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell
decrease photo
inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial

illumination only additional energy source since area available

artificial light
exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization

multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration

allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures
growing exclusively
with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients
required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass
Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors
FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR
This closed photobioreactors
offer solution improve

contamination control

achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within

metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness

operation possible produce
different microalgae
robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity
scaled civil construction required
aside from

levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very

delicate species where

sterilization

process complete sealed system

required;
this made glass high grade stainless

steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES

Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high

sensitive species
with higher performance Easiness operation
capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite

inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped

ramp Typical industrial production modules

tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were

designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting

costs lower total

volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather

conditions
Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better

culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower

build better cultivation
conditions lower OPEX higher annual
productivity Culture continuously

flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized

culture management
Conventional Raceway Prefabricated
algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional

control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media

install

areas without

large climate variations
frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large
areas

over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs

compared closed systems Easiness

operation

Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018

MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production

costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae
future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms

biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale

microalgae production units using different technologies

that better adapt Customers’

business

biotechnology microalgae

Conventional Raceway

About What

Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record

Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services

Technical services
Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts
©2018 Algae
future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services
Technical Services Training

Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high

quality

products production strains that

require strict

control temperature that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance

designed solar collector

Unilayer
Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation
surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing

this production technology

different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers
MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost

effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture

management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers

tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several

years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell
decrease

photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration

Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more
easily
controlled which might
represent
advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical
higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization

multilayer most applications special

configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which maximizes
available
radiation cell enabling
very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures

growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better

culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution

improve contamination control achieve higher

volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae
flat panel constituted

disposable transparent LDPE

film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared
other closed systems Easiness
operation possible produce different

microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction

required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very

delicate species where sterilization process
complete sealed system

required; this made glass high grade

stainless steel

This closed
photobioreactor

offers complete solution

contamination

control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms

MAIN

ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough

sealed configuration
Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall
sand

storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After

this photosynthetic

flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back
first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with
better culture management ramps slope pump specifications

were designed operate

with reduced

film thickness which allows increase volumetric

productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared

with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing

tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that

grow selective
media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture

conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture

from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway
Prefabricated
algae ponds that
include containment walls liner

paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations

frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas
over

Typical industrial production

modules Recommended wastewater treatment

applications MAIN ADVANTAGES

construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available

2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs

Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About

Services

Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with

more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer

commercial scale microalgae

production units using different technologies

that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological

Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy
Services Technical

Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade

Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular

Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems

Ideal production

high value high quality

products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar

collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation

surface Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular large experience
optimizing this production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant

velocity

along piping extension

long Optimized
global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel

ground which

means

that higher volume area ratio This

configuration most common microalgae sector been used several
years
This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications

with artificial
illumination only additional
energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer

configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell

Temperature more
easily controlled which might represent advantage
extreme
heat environments Degassing less
critical

higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises

sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel

ground which maximizes available radiation

cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more

robust culture; another
direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water
inorganic

nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration

biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL

PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent

LDPE film enclosed

within metal

frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce

different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate

species where sterilization process complete sealed system required;
this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers

complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high

sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production

considering

energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with

opposite inclination
After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated
outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps
slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when

compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate

trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher

microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better

cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe
Higher mixing
efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture
management Storage capacity: capacity protect
culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable
film thickness between optimized culture management

Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal

microalgae that grow selective media

install areas without large
climate variations frequent storms

Over decades most common

design used industrial deployment

large areas over Typical

industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction
costs compared

closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled

none
civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters
Available 2018

MAIN ADVANTAGES

Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About
Services Contacts Privacy Policy
Terms biotechnology company with more than years
accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized design

build operation transfer commercial

scale

microalgae production units using different technologies that better

adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway
About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects
Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection
Industrial production
Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record
Services
Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality

products production

strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest
amount

photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics:
constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass
energy
balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture
management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several

layers tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground

which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several
years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial

illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared

unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More
flexibility vary ratio
light/cell Temperature
more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen
build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization

multilayer

most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency;

this
configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity
decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount
water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX

OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR

This closed photobioreactors offer solution

improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities

Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent

LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared

other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s

developed special

design

indicated very delicate species

where

sterilization process complete sealed system required;

this made
glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms
trough sealed configuration Ability
sterilize materials

contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific

conditions

such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path

culture flows into

covered tank pumped back first sloped

ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity

store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high

precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump
specifications were designed operate with

reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric

productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank

reducing

considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae

production projects MAIN
ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity
Culture continuously
flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency

ability control contaminants optimized culture management

Storage capacity:
capacity protect culture from extreme

environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture

management
Adjustable film thickness between optimized
culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control
systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large
climate variations frequent storms Over

decades most common design

used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN
ADVANTAGES construction costs compared

closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs

Lower harvesting costs Better replicability

scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home

About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae

microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology

microalgae Conventional

Raceway

About
What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial

production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms

Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts

©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS

About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological

Platforms

Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News

Contacts

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors

Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways

Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production

closed systems Ideal

production high value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile

compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal

cost effective production

instance

designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this

production technology
different algae species location environmental characteristics
type product
applications
Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping
extension

long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most

common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility

vary

ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial

light exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less

critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises

sole layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation

cell

enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another

direct impact higher

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume culture
Ideal cultures growing exclusively
with
solar radiation Lower
ratio

volume/area Lower amount water

inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass Better culture conditions quality
higher annual productivity

Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT

PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction

required aside from
levelled
compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s

developed special design indicated very

delicate
species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high
grade

stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly

reduce
exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability
sterilize

materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since

2010 cost effective microalgae

production
considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014

scope BIOFAT project comprises

parallel sloped ramps with

opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows

into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity

store

entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope

pump
specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae

production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs

Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality

higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture

management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management
Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media
install areas
without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed
systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none
civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES

Higher biomass densities

Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower
harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact

Algae future

Rights Resevered Home About

Services Contacts Privacy

Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than

years accumulated

experience microalgae microalgae

production specialized

design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production

units

using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production

Approach

Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018

Algae future Rights

Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company

History Resources

Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms

Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical

Services Training Projects Projects

Projects News
Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel
Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways

Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae
production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality
products
production strains that require strict control temperature that

produce volatile

compounds tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector

Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing
this

production technology different

algae
species location

environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity

areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping

extension long Optimized global

mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils

Energetic optimization cost effective

production: efficient circulation pumps
Improved
culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher
volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease
photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer

configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature

more
easily controlled which

might represent advantage

extreme
heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization

multilayer

most applications special configuration comprises sole layer

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration

allows
maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting
costs lower

total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration biomass Better

culture conditions

quality higher annual productivity Flat
panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems
most

versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent

LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower capital investment compared other

closed systems
Easiness operation possible produce different

microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil

construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated

very delicate species where sterilization

process
complete sealed
system

required; this made glass high grade stainless steel

This closed photobioreactor

offers complete solution contamination control

achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly

reduce
exposure other contaminant organisms

trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials

contacting culture

Ability produce high

sensitive species with
higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design

optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand

storms This improved cascade raceway

deployed 2014 scope

BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp

Typical industrial production modules tank capacity

store entire culture volume which enables this
type raceway operated outdoors during high

precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications

were designed

operate with reduced

film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway

design with water columns between special configuration
enables operate

trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every

weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher

microalgae

concentration Better culture conditions quality higher

annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower

OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized

culture
management Storage capacity: capacity

protect culture

from extreme
environmental conditions
Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management

Conventional Raceway Prefabricated

algae ponds
that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations
frequent

storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas

over Typical industrial
production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled
none

civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass

production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae

production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway
About What Company History

Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical

services Training
Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future

Rights Reseverd Powered

BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae
Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News

Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors

Fermenters

Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors

most
used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require
strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes
arrangement versatility

asset optimal cost effective

production instance designed solar collector

Unilayer Horizontal Tubular

provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience

optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN
ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero
velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic

optimization
cost effective production:

efficient circulation pumps Improved culture

management parameter control

analysis fast response: adjust
culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume

area ratio This configuration most common microalgae

sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect

Ideal applications with artificial illumination only

additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure
high
compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility
vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled
which might represent
advantage extreme heat environments Degassing
less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation

cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher

culture concentrations more
robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures
growing

exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area

Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX

OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution

improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation

microalgae
flat panel constituted
disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN
ADVANTAGES
Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from

levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system

required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher

volumetric productivities
Indicated species production species highly sensitive
other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation
capacity

scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous

design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production

considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions

such high rainfall sand
storms

This improved cascade raceway deployed

2014 scope
BIOFAT project comprises
parallel sloped ramps
with
opposite inclination After this photosynthetic
flow path culture flows into covered
tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire
culture volume which
enables this type raceway operated outdoors
during high precipitation seasons
with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness
which allows increase

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough

tank
also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae
production

projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio

volume/area
Lower amount water
inorganic
nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher
annual
productivity Easier control
lower build better cultivation conditions

lower OPEX higher annual productivity

Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing

efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized

culture management Adjustable film

thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that

grow

selective media install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity

scaled none civil construction required aside from
levelled

compacted site

Fermenters Available
2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About

Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company

with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial

scale
microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’
business

biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway

About What

Company
History Resources Culture
collection

Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered

BYDAS About

What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae

Track Record Services Consultancy Services
Technical Services
Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality

products production

strains that require strict control
temperature that

produce volatile

compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics
type product
applications Customers
MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic

optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration

most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration
allows more flexibility vary

ratio light/cell decrease

photo

inhibition effect

Ideal applications

with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light
exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled

which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen

build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system developed optimization multilayer

most
applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity
consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume
culture Ideal

cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat

panel

Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control

achieve higher

volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed

within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower
capital investment

compared other closed systems Easiness operation

possible produce different microalgae

robust

fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from

levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design

indicated very delicate

species where sterilization process complete sealed system

required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other
organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability
significantly reduce exposure
other

contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive

species with higher

performance Easiness

operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering

energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms

This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT

project comprises

parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first

sloped
ramp Typical industrial
production modules tank capacity store

entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total

volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with

water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive

microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower

ratio volume/area

Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs

Higher microalgae

concentration
Better culture

conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through

pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage
capacity: capacity

protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized

culture management Conventional Raceway

Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large

climate variations

frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production

modules

Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility

capacity

scaled none civil construction required aside from

levelled
compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services
Contacts Privacy Policy
Terms biotechnology company with more than

years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized design build operation transfer commercial

scale

microalgae production

units using

different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Conventional Raceway