A4F is

a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in

microalgae
R&D, and microalgae

production. A4F is specialized in

the design, build, operation and transfer
of commercial-scale

microalgae production units, using different technologies that

better

adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology

company with

more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the

design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production

units, using different technologies

that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae

Cascade

Raceways | A4F

A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15

years of

accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in

the design, build,
operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units,
using different technologies

that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology

microalgae
Cascade Raceways | A4F
A4F is a

biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in

microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F
is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae
production units,

using different technologies that better

adapt

to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in

microalgae

R&D, and

microalgae production. A4F

is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that

better adapt

to our Customers’ business.

biotechnology
microalgae Cascade Raceways
| A4F
A4F is
a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build, operation and
transfer
of commercial-scale microalgae production units,

using different

technologies that better adapt

to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways |

A4F

A4F is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production

units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business.
biotechnology

microalgae Cascade

Raceways |

A4F

A4F is a
biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in
the

design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F

is a biotechnology company with more than 15 years of accumulated experience in microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is

specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies that better adapt to our Customers’ business. biotechnology

microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

A4F is a

biotechnology company with more than 15 years

of accumulated experience in
microalgae R&D, and microalgae production. A4F is specialized in the design, build, operation and transfer of commercial-scale microalgae production units, using different technologies
that better
adapt to our Customers’
business. biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways | A4F

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Cascade Raceways

Tubular Photobioreactors

 

  • Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems.
  • Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds.
  • The tubes arrangement versatility is an asset for optimal cost-effective production. For instance, it can be designed to act as a solar collector (Unilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR) or provide the highest amount of photosynthetic area using the minimum implantation surface (Multilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR).
  • A4F has a large experience optimizing this production technology, for different algae species, location, environmental characteristics and type of product / applications of our Customers.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Fluid flow dynamics: reduction of the reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes.
  • Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along all the PBR piping extension (> 100 m long).
  • Optimized global mass and energy balance: O2, CO2, nutrients mixing, thermoregulation through internal coils.
  • Energetic optimization for cost-effective production: efficient circulation pumps.
  • Improved culture management via parameter control, analysis and fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity, pH, temperature.

 

  • MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • This configuration comprises several layers of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which means that it has a higher volume to area ratio. This configuration is the most common in the microalgae sector, and has been used for several years in A4F. This configuration allows more flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell and decrease the photo-inhibition effect.
    • Ideal for applications with artificial illumination as only or additional energy source, since the area available for artificial light exposure is high, compared to an unilayer configuration.
    • Higher ratio volume/area
      • More flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell
      • Temperature is more easily controlled, which might represent an advantage in extreme heat environments
      • Degassing less critical => higher volume for oxygen build-up
  • UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • A PBR system developed as an optimization of the multilayer for most applications. Its special configuration comprises one sole layer of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which maximizes the available radiation per cell, enabling a very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows a maximization of the volumetric productivity and consequently higher culture concentrations and a more robust culture; another direct impact of its higher volumetric productivity is the decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture
    • Ideal for cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
    • Lower ratio volume/area
      • Lower amount of water and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of CAPEX and OPEX
      • Higher concentration of the biomass => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity

Flat-panel Photobioreactors

FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR (FP-PBR)

  • This closed photobioreactors offer a solution to improve contamination control and achieve higher volumetric productivities.
  • Within closed systems, the most versatile and economic system for the cultivation of microalgae is the flat panel PBR constituted by a disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within a metal frame.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Lower capital investment (compared to other closed systems)
  • Easiness of operation possible to produce different microalgae (robust and fragile strains)
  • Flexibility and the capacity to be scaled-up
  • No civil construction required aside from a levelled and compacted site

GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR (GP-PBR)

  • A4F’s has developed a special GP-PBR design indicated for very delicate species, where a sterilization process and a complete sealed system is required; this GP is made of glass and high grade stainless steel.
  • This closed photobioreactor offers a complete solution to contamination control and achieve higher volumetric productivities.
  • Indicated for GMO species production and species highly sensitive to other organisms.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Ability to significantly reduce the exposure to other contaminant organisms trough is sealed configuration
  • Ability to sterilize the materials contacting the culture
  • Ability to produce high sensitive species with a higher performance
  • Easiness of operation and the capacity to be scaled-up

Cascade Raceways

  • Continuous design optimization since 2010 by A4F for cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs, productivity enhancement and weather specific conditions, such as high rainfall or sand storms.
  • This improved cascade raceway, deployed in 2014 in the scope of BIOFAT FP7 project, comprises two parallel-sloped ramps with opposite inclination. After this photosynthetic flow path, the culture flows into a covered tank and pumped back to the first sloped ramp.
  • Typical industrial production modules are 3.000 to 4.000 m2.
  • The CRW tank has the capacity to store the entire culture volume, which enables this type of raceway to be operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management. The CRW ramps slope and pump specifications were designed to operate with a reduced film thickness, 3 to 8 cm, which allows an increase in volumetric productivity and a decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture, when compared with a conventional raceway design, with water columns between 20 and 30 cm.
  • The CRW special configuration enables it to be operate trough the tank and also bypassing the tank, reducing considerably its energetic requirements.
  • Ideal for microalgae that grow in selective media and to every weather conditions.
  • Recommended for intensive microalgae production projects.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Lower ratio volume/area
    • Lower amount of water, and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of operation costs
    • Higher microalgae concentration => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity
  • Easier CO2 control and lower O2 build-up – better cultivation conditions => lower OPEX and higher annual productivity
  • Culture continuously flows through a pipe => Higher mixing efficiency and ability to control contaminants and optimized culture management
  • Storage capacity: capacity to protect the culture from extreme environmental conditions => Higher annual productivity and optimized culture management
  • Adjustable film thickness between 3 cm and 8 cm => optimized culture management

Conventional Raceway

  • Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls, liner, paddle wheels, and optional control systems. Ideal for microalgae that grow in selective media and to install in areas without large climate variations or frequent storms.
  • Over decades the most common design used for industrial deployment or large areas (over 10 ha up to 100 ha)
  • Typical industrial production modules are 5.000 m2 and 1.500 m3.
  • Recommended for wastewater treatment applications.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Low construction costs (compared to closed systems)
  • Easiness of operation
  • Flexibility and the capacity to be scaled-up
  • Few to none civil construction required aside from a levelled and compacted site

Fermenters

  • Available in 2018

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Higher biomass densities
  • Higher biomass productivities
  • Lower biomass production costs
  • Lower harvesting costs
  • Better replicability and scalability

Contact Us

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record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical

services Training Projects Projects Projects

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Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy

Services
Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects
News

Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular

Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains

that

require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset optimal
cost effective production
instance

designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES
Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity
areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant

velocity along piping extension long Optimized global

mass
energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production:
efficient circulation pumps

Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This
configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source
since

area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization

multilayer
most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available

radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency;

this configuration
allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount water
inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems

most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness

operation possible

produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction

required aside from
levelled compacted

site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special

design indicated

very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required;

this
made glass high grade
stainless steel

This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control

achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly

reduce exposure other contaminant organisms

trough

sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design

optimization since
2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed
2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank

pumped back

first sloped ramp Typical
industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this

type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps

slope pump specifications

were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture
when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special

configuration enables operate trough tank

also bypassing tank reducing

considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic

nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better

culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower

OPEX

higher annual productivity Culture continuously

flows through pipe

Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from

extreme

environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film

thickness

between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds

that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional

control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective
media
install areas without large climate variations frequent storms
Over decades most common design

used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production

modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN
ADVANTAGES

construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity

scaled none civil construction required aside from

levelled

compacted site

Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN

ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher

biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability
Contact
Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services
Contacts
Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with

more than years accumulated experience

microalgae

microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units

using different technologies that better adapt

Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological

Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News

Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors

Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional

Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed

systems Ideal
production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement
versatility
asset optimal cost effective
production instance
designed solar
collector Unilayer Horizontal
Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic
area using
minimum
implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae
species location environmental characteristics
type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor
zero

velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass

energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal coils

Energetic

optimization cost effective

production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER
HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This

configuration most common

microalgae
sector been used several years This
configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio
light/cell Temperature
more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes

available

radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows

maximization volumetric productivity consequently

higher culture

concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture

conditions quality higher annual

productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems
most versatile economic system

cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable

transparent LDPE

film enclosed within metal frame MAIN

ADVANTAGES Lower

capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation

possible produce

different

microalgae robust

fragile strains
Flexibility capacity
scaled civil

construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed

special

design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete

solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities

Indicated species production

species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with

higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways

Continuous design optimization

since 2010 cost

effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity

enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms

This improved cascade

raceway deployed

2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps

with opposite
inclination After
this photosynthetic

flow path

culture flows
into covered tank pumped
back first

sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with

better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special
configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that
grow selective media every
weather
conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients

required
reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher
annual productivity Easier control lower
build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX
higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage

capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between

optimized culture
management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated
algae
ponds that include containment

walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install

areas without large climate variations

frequent storms
Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas

over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN

ADVANTAGES construction
costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity
scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better
replicability scalability Contact Algae future
Rights Resevered

Home About Services Contacts Privacy

Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than

years accumulated experience microalgae

microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade
Raceways About What Company History

Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological

Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track

Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway

Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production
high value high quality
products production strains

that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds

tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal

cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide

highest amount

photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type

product
applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics: reduction reactor zero

velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along

piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control

analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio
This

configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease

photo inhibition effect

Ideal applications with artificial

illumination
only additional energy source since area available

artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area More
flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system

developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which
maximizes

available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently

higher

culture concentrations

more robust

culture; another direct

impact higher volumetric
productivity decrease harvesting costs lower
total volume culture
Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar
radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction

CAPEX OPEX
Higher concentration
biomass Better culture
conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR

This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities

Within closed systems

most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed

systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust

fragile strains Flexibility
capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed

special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed

system required; this made glass

high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control

achieve

higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production

species
highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES
Ability
significantly reduce exposure other
contaminant organisms trough sealed
configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive
species with
higher

performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways

Continuous design optimization since
2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs
productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms
This improved cascade raceway

deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic

flow path culture flows into

covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank

capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type

raceway operated outdoors during

high precipitation

seasons with better culture

management
ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced
film thickness
which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional
raceway design with water columns
between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic

requirements Ideal microalgae that

grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects

MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio

volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction
operation costs
Higher microalgae
concentration Better

culture conditions quality higher annual

productivity Easier control

lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously

flows

through pipe Higher

mixing

efficiency ability

control

contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway

Prefabricated algae ponds

that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional

control systems
Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large
climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas
over

Typical industrial production

modules Recommended

wastewater treatment

applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required

aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass

densities Higher biomass

productivities Lower biomass production

costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability

scalability Contact Algae

future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts

Privacy

Policy Terms biotechnology company with

more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different

technologies that better adapt Customers’

business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About
What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track
record Technological
Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production

Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects

Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL

PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors

Flat
Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae
production

closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes

arrangement versatility asset optimal cost

effective production instance designed
solar collector Unilayer Horizontal
Tubular provide highest

amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero

velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients

mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several

layers tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration

allows more flexibility vary

ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination

only additional energy

source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled

which might represent advantage extreme heat

environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR
system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very
high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration
allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems

most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower

capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness
operation

possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled

civil
construction required aside from levelled compacted site

GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species

where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete
solution contamination control achieve

higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production

species

highly sensitive other organisms MAIN

ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant

organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT

project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite
inclination After this photosynthetic

flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which

enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation
seasons with better
culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration
enables
operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every

weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects

MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency

ability control

contaminants optimized culture management Storage

capacity: capacity

protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable

film
thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that

include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional

control systems Ideal microalgae that grow

selective media

install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design
used industrial

deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended

wastewater treatment
applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction
costs
compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required
aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES

Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass

production costs

Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home

About
Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology
company with

more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale

microalgae production

units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record Technological Platforms Services

Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects

Projects Projects
News

Contacts ©2018 Algae future

Rights Reseverd

Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services

Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel

Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems
Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile

compounds

tubes arrangement versatility

asset

optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector

Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount

photosynthetic area using

minimum implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal

Tubular large experience optimizing this

production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics

type product

applications Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping
extension long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture

circulation
velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR
This configuration comprises

several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used

several

years This configuration

allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell
decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional
energy source since

area available artificial light exposure high compared

unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area
More flexibility
vary ratio light/cell
Temperature

more easily controlled which

might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises
sole layer tubes
disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell
enabling very high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity

consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control

achieve

higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most

versatile
economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within
metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae

robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site

GLASS

PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special

design
indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor

offers complete

solution contamination

control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other

organisms MAIN
ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize
materials contacting culture Ability produce high
sensitive species with
higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective

microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions

such high

rainfall sand storms This improved

cascade

raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank

pumped

back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity

store entire culture volume

which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better

culture

management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture when compared with conventional raceway

design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also bypassing

tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that

grow

selective media

every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing

efficiency ability

control contaminants
optimized culture management Storage capacity:

capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness

between

optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae

that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over
decades most

common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical

industrial
production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted

site Fermenters Available

2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher

biomass densities Higher biomass

productivities Lower biomass production

costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability

scalability
Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units

using different technologies

that better adapt Customers’ business

biotechnology microalgae

Cascade Raceways

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial

production
Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services

Training Projects Projects Projects News

Contacts

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional

Raceway Tubular
Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors

most used technologies microalgae

production closed systems Ideal production high value

high

quality products production strains

that require strict control

temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance

designed
solar collector
Unilayer

Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae

species

location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity

areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

means that higher volume area ratio This

configuration

most common microalgae sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source

since area available

artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme

heat

environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very

high photosynthetic
efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust
culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients
required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT

PANEL
PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed
within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES

Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce

different microalgae

robust fragile

strains

Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control

achieve higher

volumetric productivities

Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce

exposure other contaminant organisms trough

sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting
culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness
operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010
cost

effective microalgae production considering energetic costs

productivity enhancement

weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway

deployed

2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic

flow path culture flows
into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire
culture volume
which enables

this type raceway operated

outdoors
during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps
slope pump specifications were designed
operate with reduced

film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs

lower
total volume culture when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate trough tank also

bypassing tank

reducing considerably

energetic
requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES
Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount
water inorganic

nutrients required

reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower

build better cultivation conditions lower

OPEX
higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual
productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway

Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems

Ideal

microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs

compared

closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none

civil construction
required aside from

levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future

Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different
technologies that better adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae

Cascade Raceways

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track

record Technological

Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources

Culture Collection

Industrial production Approach Technological

Platforms
Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical
Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways
Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel

Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways

Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors

most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility
asset

optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation

surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large

experience optimizing this production technology different

algae species

location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes

Fluid flow
dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective
production:

efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally

parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used

several years
This configuration allows more flexibility vary
ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications

with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More

flexibility vary ratio

light/cell
Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less
critical higher volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity

consequently

higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric

productivity

decrease harvesting costs

lower
total volume culture Ideal cultures growing
exclusively with solar

radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel

Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer
solution

improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE

film enclosed within metal frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil

construction required
aside from levelled compacted site

GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very

delicate

species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers

complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric

productivities

Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough

sealed configuration
Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high
sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost
effective microalgae

production considering energetic

costs productivity enhancement

weather

specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project

comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture

flows into

covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial

production

modules tank capacity

store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway

operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps
slope

pump specifications were designed

operate with

reduced film thickness which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume culture
when compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables
operate trough tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower
amount water inorganic nutrients

required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions quality higher

annual productivity

Easier control lower build better cultivation

conditions

lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture

continuously

flows through

pipe Higher

mixing

efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media

install areas without

large climate variations

frequent storms Over decades most common design used

industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment

applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass

densities

Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy Policy

Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized

design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production

units

using different technologies that better adapt Customers’

business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About
What Company History Resources Culture

collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts

©2018 Algae

future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company

History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach
Technological Platforms
Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters
Cascade

Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular Photobioreactors most
used
technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require
strict control temperature
that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different
algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction
reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved

culture

management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature

MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR
This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been
used

several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy

source since area available artificial light exposure high compared

unilayer configuration
Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical
higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system developed
optimization multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs
lower total
volume
culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher
concentration biomass Better culture conditions
quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors offer solution

improve contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within metal frame MAIN

ADVANTAGES Lower
capital

investment compared other closed systems Easiness operation possible produce different microalgae

robust fragile
strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil
construction required aside
from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL
PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special design indicated very
delicate species where

sterilization process complete sealed system required; this

made glass high

grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers complete solution contamination control

achieve

higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure

other

contaminant organisms

trough sealed configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade

Raceways

Continuous design optimization

since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This

improved cascade raceway deployed 2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors

during high precipitation seasons

with
better culture management ramps slope pump specifications
were designed
operate with reduced
film thickness
which allows increase volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs
lower

total volume

culture when

compared with conventional raceway design with water columns between special configuration enables operate

trough tank

also

bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic

requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective
media

every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production

projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs

Higher microalgae concentration Better culture conditions

quality higher annual productivity Easier
control lower

build better cultivation

conditions lower

OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity: capacity protect culture from extreme

environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without

large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common

design used

industrial deployment large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction

costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled

none

civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass production costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more

than

years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae

production specialized
design build operation transfer commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better

adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects

Projects News

Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach

Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects

News Contacts INDUSTRIAL
PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular Photobioreactors Flat Panel Photobioreactors

Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors

Tubular
Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production
closed systems Ideal
production high value high quality products production strains that require
strict
control temperature that produce volatile
compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production
instance
designed solar

collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic

area

using minimum

implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics
type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity
along
piping extension long Optimized global
mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal coils

Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture

management

parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which means

that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae

sector been

used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo

inhibition effect

Ideal applications with artificial

illumination only additional energy

source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more

easily
controlled which might represent advantage
extreme heat
environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very

high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact

higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors

offer solution improve contamination control
achieve higher volumetric
productivities
Within closed
systems
most versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within
metal

frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other closed systems Easiness

operation possible produce different microalgae robust fragile strains Flexibility capacity
scaled civil
construction required aside
from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s
developed special design indicated very delicate species where sterilization process complete sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor
offers

complete solution contamination control achieve higher volumetric productivities Indicated species production species highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES Ability significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms trough sealed configuration Ability

sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with

higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering

energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific

conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved cascade raceway

deployed

2014 scope BIOFAT project comprises

parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this

photosynthetic flow path culture flows into covered tank pumped back first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity

store entire culture volume

which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high

precipitation

seasons with better culture management ramps slope

pump specifications were designed operate with reduced

film thickness which allows increase volumetric

productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total
volume culture when

compared with conventional raceway design with water columns

between special

configuration enables operate trough tank

also bypassing tank
reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae
production projects
MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower
ratio volume/area
Lower amount water inorganic
nutrients
required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better
culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation conditions lower OPEX
higher

annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management

Storage capacity:

capacity protect culture from extreme environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film

thickness between optimized culture

management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds that include containment walls liner paddle wheels optional control systems Ideal microalgae that grow selective media install areas without large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common

design used industrial deployment
large areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended wastewater treatment applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness
operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from

levelled compacted site Fermenters Available 2018 MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass

densities

Higher biomass productivities Lower

biomass production costs
Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability

Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production specialized

design build operation transfer commercial scale

microalgae production units using different technologies

that better

adapt Customers’ business biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways

About

What Company History

Resources

Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects

News
Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reseverd Powered

BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical

Services

Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Cascade Raceways Tubular

Photobioreactors

Flat Panel Photobioreactors Fermenters Cascade Raceways Conventional Raceway Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production

closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains that

require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost

effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic

area
using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost

effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common

microalgae sector been used several years This configuration

allows more flexibility vary ratio
light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect
Ideal
applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light
exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature

more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications

special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this

configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric productivity

decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume culture

Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass

Better culture conditions quality

higher annual productivity Flat panel Photobioreactors FLAT PANEL PHOTOBIOREACTOR This closed photobioreactors

offer solution improve contamination

control achieve higher volumetric productivities Within closed systems

most

versatile economic system cultivation microalgae flat panel constituted disposable transparent LDPE film enclosed within

metal

frame MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower capital investment compared other

closed systems Easiness

operation possible
produce different microalgae robust fragile
strains Flexibility capacity scaled civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site GLASS PANEL PHOTOBIORECTOR A4F’s developed special
design indicated
very delicate species where sterilization process
complete

sealed system required; this made glass high grade stainless steel This closed photobioreactor offers

complete solution contamination

control achieve higher volumetric

productivities Indicated species

production species

highly sensitive other organisms MAIN ADVANTAGES

Ability
significantly reduce exposure other contaminant organisms
trough sealed

configuration Ability sterilize materials contacting culture Ability produce high sensitive species with

higher performance Easiness operation capacity scaled Cascade Raceways Continuous design optimization since 2010 cost effective microalgae production considering energetic costs productivity enhancement weather specific conditions such high rainfall sand storms This improved

cascade raceway

deployed 2014 scope

BIOFAT project comprises parallel sloped ramps with opposite inclination After this photosynthetic flow
path culture

flows into covered tank pumped back

first sloped ramp Typical industrial production modules tank capacity store entire culture volume which enables this type raceway operated outdoors during high precipitation seasons with better culture management ramps slope pump specifications were designed operate with reduced film thickness which

allows increase volumetric productivity decrease
harvesting costs lower total volume culture
when compared with conventional raceway

design with water columns between special

configuration enables
operate trough
tank also bypassing tank reducing considerably energetic requirements Ideal microalgae that grow selective media every weather conditions Recommended intensive microalgae production projects MAIN ADVANTAGES Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction operation costs Higher microalgae concentration Better

culture conditions

quality

higher annual productivity Easier control lower build better cultivation

conditions

lower OPEX higher annual productivity Culture continuously flows through pipe

Higher mixing efficiency ability control contaminants optimized culture management Storage capacity:

capacity protect culture from extreme

environmental conditions Higher annual productivity optimized culture management Adjustable film thickness between optimized culture management Conventional Raceway Prefabricated algae ponds

that include containment
walls liner paddle wheels optional
control systems

Ideal microalgae

that

grow selective media install areas

without
large climate variations frequent storms Over decades most common design used
industrial

deployment large

areas over Typical industrial production modules Recommended

wastewater treatment

applications MAIN ADVANTAGES construction costs compared closed systems Easiness operation Flexibility capacity scaled none civil construction required aside from levelled compacted site Fermenters Available

2018
MAIN ADVANTAGES Higher biomass densities Higher biomass productivities Lower biomass
production
costs Lower harvesting costs Better replicability scalability Contact Algae future Rights Resevered Home About

Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms biotechnology company with more than years accumulated experience microalgae microalgae production

specialized
design build operation
transfer
commercial scale microalgae production units using different technologies that better adapt Customers’ business

biotechnology microalgae Cascade Raceways