Tubular Photobioreactors

are one of the most used

technologies

for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the

production of high-value

and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a

strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one

of the most

used technologies for

microalgae production

in closed systems. Ideal for the production of

high-value

and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or

that produce

volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae

Tubular
Photobioreactors | A4F
  Tubular Photobioreactors are
one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value
and high-quality

products and the production of

strains that
require a strict
control

of temperature, or that produce

volatile
compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal

for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of

strains that require

a

strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one

of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal

for the production

of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require

a strict control

of temperature,
or that produce volatile compounds. The...

biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors

are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for

the production of high-value

and high-quality products and the production of

strains

that require

a strict control of

temperature, or

that produce

volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors

| A4F
  Tubular Photobioreactors are
one of
the most used
technologies for
microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products
and the production of strains that
require

a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most
used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of
temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The...
biotechnology
microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F
  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used
technologies

for microalgae production in closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors

| A4F
  Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies

for microalgae production in

closed systems. Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds. The... biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors | A4F

Tubular Photobioreactors

 

  • Tubular Photobioreactors are one of the most used technologies for microalgae production in closed systems.
  • Ideal for the production of high-value and high-quality products and the production of strains that require a strict control of temperature, or that produce volatile compounds.
  • The tubes arrangement versatility is an asset for optimal cost-effective production. For instance, it can be designed to act as a solar collector (Unilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR) or provide the highest amount of photosynthetic area using the minimum implantation surface (Multilayer Horizontal Tubular PBR).
  • A4F has a large experience optimizing this production technology, for different algae species, location, environmental characteristics and type of product / applications of our Customers.

MAIN ADVANTAGES

  • Fluid flow dynamics: reduction of the reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes.
  • Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along all the PBR piping extension (> 100 m long).
  • Optimized global mass and energy balance: O2, CO2, nutrients mixing, thermoregulation through internal coils.
  • Energetic optimization for cost-effective production: efficient circulation pumps.
  • Improved culture management via parameter control, analysis and fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity, pH, temperature.

 

  • MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • This configuration comprises several layers of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which means that it has a higher volume to area ratio. This configuration is the most common in the microalgae sector, and has been used for several years in A4F. This configuration allows more flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell and decrease the photo-inhibition effect.
    • Ideal for applications with artificial illumination as only or additional energy source, since the area available for artificial light exposure is high, compared to an unilayer configuration.
    • Higher ratio volume/area
      • More flexibility to vary the ratio light/cell
      • Temperature is more easily controlled, which might represent an advantage in extreme heat environments
      • Degassing less critical => higher volume for oxygen build-up
  • UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR PBR

    • A PBR system developed as an optimization of the multilayer for most applications. Its special configuration comprises one sole layer of tubes disposed horizontally and parallel to the ground, which maximizes the available radiation per cell, enabling a very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows a maximization of the volumetric productivity and consequently higher culture concentrations and a more robust culture; another direct impact of its higher volumetric productivity is the decrease in harvesting costs due to the lower total volume of the culture
    • Ideal for cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
    • Lower ratio volume/area
      • Lower amount of water and inorganic nutrients required => reduction of CAPEX and OPEX
      • Higher concentration of the biomass => Better culture conditions and quality => higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production

Approach

Microalgae track record Technological Platforms

Services Consultancy services Technical
services Training Projects

Projects Projects

News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved

Powered BYDAS About

What Company History
Resources Culture

Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track

Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects

News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae

production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature

that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset

optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species
location

environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES

Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor

zero
velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global

mass energy balance:

nutrients

mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation

pumps Improved culture

management parameter control analysis fast
response:
adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae
sector been used

several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect

Ideal applications with artificial illumination only

additional energy

source since area available artificial light
exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher

ratio volume/area More

flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled
which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical
higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system
developed optimization multilayer most applications
special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very

high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better

culture conditions

quality higher annual productivity

Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular

Photobioreactors most used
technologies microalgae production
closed

systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds

tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed

solar collector

Unilayer
Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics
type product

applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow

dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity

temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area

ratio This configuration most

common microalgae sector been used several

years This configuration allows more

flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal

applications with

artificial illumination only

additional energy source

since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area
More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature
more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes

available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more

robust culture;
another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal
cultures
growing exclusively
with
solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher

annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial

production Approach

Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects
Projects

Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae

future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production

Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae
Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer

Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow

dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing

thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient

circulation

pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This

configuration
most common microalgae sector

been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility

vary ratio light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled

which might
represent

advantage extreme

heat environments
Degassing less critical higher
volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises

sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher

volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume

culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area

Lower
amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass
Better culture

conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights

Resevered Home

About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular

Photobioreactors most used
technologies microalgae

production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control

temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value
high quality
products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement

versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular

provide
highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production
technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type

product applications Customers MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global

mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils

Energetic optimization cost effective production:

efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher

volume

area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition

effect
Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration
Higher ratio

volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled

which might represent
advantage extreme

heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes

disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes
available radiation

cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity

consequently higher

culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume

culture

Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual

productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial

production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services

Training Projects

Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical
Services Training

Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies

microalgae production closed systems
Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require

strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds

tubes

arrangement versatility

asset optimal cost effective

production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location

environmental
characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES
Fluid flow
dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long
Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through
internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient

circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust

culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally

parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows

more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo

inhibition effect

Ideal applications

with artificial

illumination only

additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher

ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell

Temperature
more easily controlled
which might represent advantage extreme heat environments
Degassing less critical
higher volume
oxygen
build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special
configuration comprises sole

layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell

enabling very high
photosynthetic efficiency;
this configuration
allows maximization volumetric
productivity consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar
radiation
Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights
Resevered
Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular
Photobioreactors most used
technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require
strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production
high

value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal

cost effective production

instance
designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest
amount photosynthetic
area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae
species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero
velocity

areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics:

constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient

circulation pumps Improved culture management

parameter control analysis

fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR This

configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled
which might represent advantage extreme
heat environments Degassing less critical higher
volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization multilayer

most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture

concentrations

more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively

with solar radiation

Lower ratio
volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better

culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News

Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights
Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services
Technical

Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies

microalgae production closed systems Ideal production
high value

high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal

Tubular

provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation

surface Multilayer Horizontal

Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology

different algae species location environmental characteristics

type
product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation
pumps Improved

culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture

circulation

velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means

that
higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows
more flexibility

vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily
controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less
critical higher
volume

oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another

direct

impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting

costs lower total

volume
culture Ideal

cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture

conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts

Privacy Policy

Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors

most used
technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular
Photobioreactors

most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality

products production
strains that require

strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector

Unilayer

Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing

this production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type

product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid
flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity
areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass

energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis
fast response: adjust culture
circulation velocity temperature
MULTILAYER
HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises

several layers tubes

disposed
horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume
area
ratio This configuration most common
microalgae sector
been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio

volume/area More flexibility
vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage

extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system

developed optimization multilayer

most
applications special configuration comprises sole
layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture

concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with

solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount

water inorganic
nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity
About
What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production
Approach Microalgae track
record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights
Reserved

Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological

Platforms
Microalgae Track Record
Services

Consultancy Services Technical

Services
Training Projects Projects Projects
News Contacts Tubular

Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies

microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value
high

quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility

asset
optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular
provide

highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this

production technology different algae

species location environmental characteristics
type product applications Customers

MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow

dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity
along piping extension

long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

means that

higher volume area ratio This configuration

most common microalgae
sector been used several

years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell

decrease photo inhibition effect

Ideal applications
with artificial illumination only additional energy source

since area available artificial

light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer

most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel
ground which maximizes available
radiation

cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher

culture concentrations more
robust

culture; another direct

impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total

volume culture Ideal cultures
growing exclusively with
solar radiation Lower
ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher
concentration

biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual

productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy
Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors

most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require

strict control
temperature that

produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high

value high quality products

production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile

compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest
amount photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different

algae species
location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity
along

piping extension long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost

effective

production: efficient circulation pumps

Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

means

that higher

volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since

area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization
multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel
ground

which maximizes available radiation

cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust

culture; another direct impact

higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower

total volume culture

Ideal cultures
growing exclusively with solar radiation
Lower ratio
volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better
culture
conditions quality higher annual productivity
About
What Company

History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What

Company
History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record

Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value

high

quality products production strains that

require

strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using

minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production

technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero
velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal

coils Energetic
optimization cost
effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration
comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio

This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect
Ideal applications with artificial

illumination only additional energy source

since area available artificial
light

exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme

heat

environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer
most
applications special configuration comprises sole layer
tubes
disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available

radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct

impact higher volumetric productivity
decrease harvesting costs

lower total

volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area

Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass

Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered

Home About
Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that
require strict
control temperature that produce
volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae production closed systems

Ideal production

high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production

technology
different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow
dynamics:

reduction reactor

zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter

control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more
flexibility vary ratio light/cell

decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional

energy
source since area available artificial light exposure
high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area

More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less

critical higher volume
oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole
layer tubes
disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with

solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area

Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity
About What Company

History Resources Culture collection Industrial production

Approach
Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services
Consultancy
services Technical
services

Training Projects Projects

Projects News Contacts

©2018 Algae future

Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture

Collection Industrial

production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services

Technical Services Training Projects

Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value

high quality products production strains that require strict control
temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum
implantation surface Multilayer

Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing

this

production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero

velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid

flow dynamics: constant velocity

along piping

extension long Optimized
global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing

thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective

production: efficient
circulation pumps
Improved
culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This

configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications

with artificial illumination only additional

energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature

more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat

environments
Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer
most

applications special configuration comprises

sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling

very high
photosynthetic efficiency; this
configuration
allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease
harvesting costs

lower total volume culture Ideal cultures

growing exclusively

with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower

amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity
Algae future Rights

Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae

production closed systems
Ideal production high
value high
quality products production
strains

that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production high value high quality products
production strains that require

strict control

temperature

that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount

photosynthetic area

using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications

Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes

Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal coils
Energetic optimization cost effective production:
efficient circulation pumps
Improved culture
management parameter

control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature

MULTILAYER

HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed

horizontally parallel ground
which means that higher volume
area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio

light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy

source since
area available artificial
light

exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell

Temperature more easily controlled which might

represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical
higher

volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust

culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower

ratio volume/area Lower amount
water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher

concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved Powered BYDAS About What

Company History

Resources

Culture Collection Industrial production Approach

Technological

Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains
that require strict

control temperature that produce volatile compounds

tubes
arrangement versatility asset optimal
cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface
Multilayer
Horizontal Tubular
large experience
optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics
type product

applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow

dynamics: constant velocity along piping

extension long Optimized

global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through

internal coils Energetic optimization cost

effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature

MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most

common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows

more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area

available artificial
light exposure
high

compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio

light/cell Temperature more

easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing

less critical higher volume oxygen
build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed
optimization multilayer most applications

special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally

parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric

productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more

robust culture;

another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting

costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with

solar radiation

Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients

required reduction

CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future

Rights Resevered Home About Services

Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae

production closed

systems Ideal production high

value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile

compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature

that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector

Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic

area

using minimum

implantation surface

Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large

experience

optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental

characteristics type product applications
Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid
flow dynamics: constant

velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy balance:

nutrients mixing thermoregulation

through internal

coils Energetic optimization
cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved

culture management parameter

control analysis
fast response:

adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration

comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease
photo inhibition

effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light

exposure high compared

unilayer configuration

Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which

maximizes available

radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic

efficiency; this configuration allows maximization

volumetric productivity consequently higher

culture concentrations more

robust culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting

costs lower
total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area

Lower amount

water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity

About What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record

Technological
Platforms Services Consultancy services Technical services Training Projects

Projects Projects

News

Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved

Powered BYDAS About What Company History Resources Culture Collection Industrial production

Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track

Record Services Consultancy

Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae production closed
systems Ideal production high value

high quality products production strains that require strict

control temperature

that produce volatile

compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer
Horizontal Tubular
provide highest
amount photosynthetic
area using minimum implantation surface
Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large
experience optimizing this production technology
different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow
dynamics: reduction reactor

zero velocity areas/dead

volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long

Optimized
global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast
response:

adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers

tubes disposed horizontally
parallel ground
which

means that

higher volume area ratio This configuration most

common

microalgae sector been used several

years

This configuration allows more flexibility

vary ratio light/cell
decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available
artificial
light exposure high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area
More

flexibility vary

ratio

light/cell Temperature

more easily controlled which might represent

advantage extreme

heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL
TUBULAR system
developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently
higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact higher
volumetric
productivity decrease harvesting costs
lower

total volume culture Ideal

cultures growing exclusively with solar radiation
Lower ratio

volume/area Lower

amount water

inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration

biomass Better culture conditions quality
higher annual
productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production
closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control
temperature that

produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used

technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production high value high quality products

production strains that require strict

control temperature that produce

volatile
compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar
collector Unilayer
Horizontal Tubular provide highest
amount

photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this

production technology

different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers

MAIN

ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along

piping extension long Optimized global mass energy
balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic
optimization

cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control analysis fast response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises

several
layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means

that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high compared unilayer

configuration Higher ratio
volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily
controlled which might

represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR

system
developed optimization multilayer most

applications special configuration comprises sole

layer

tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground

which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very
high

photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more

robust

culture; another direct impact higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume

culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively with solar radiation

Lower

ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX OPEX Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual

productivity

About

What Company History Resources Culture collection Industrial production Approach Microalgae track record Technological Platforms Services Consultancy

services Technical

services Training Projects Projects Projects News Contacts ©2018 Algae future Rights Reserved

Powered
BYDAS About
What Company
History Resources Culture Collection
Industrial

production Approach Technological Platforms Microalgae Track Record Services Consultancy Services Technical Services Training Projects Projects Projects News

Contacts Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most

used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal production

high

value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal

cost
effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular large experience optimizing this production technology different algae species location environmental characteristics type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid flow dynamics: reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant

velocity along

piping

extension long Optimized global mass energy balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization cost effective production: efficient circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter control

analysis fast

response: adjust culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel

ground
which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary ratio light/cell decrease photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure

high compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary ratio light/cell Temperature more easily controlled which might represent advantage extreme heat

environments Degassing less critical higher volume oxygen build

UNILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration

comprises sole layer tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high
photosynthetic
efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently
higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another direct impact

higher volumetric productivity decrease

harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing exclusively

with solar
radiation Lower

ratio volume/area Lower amount water

inorganic nutrients
required reduction CAPEX OPEX
Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity Algae future Rights Resevered Home About Services Contacts Privacy Policy Terms   Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production closed systems Ideal

production high value high quality products production strains that require strict control temperature that produce volatile compounds biotechnology microalgae Tubular Photobioreactors Tubular Photobioreactors most used technologies microalgae production

closed

systems Ideal production high value high quality products production strains that require strict

control temperature that

produce volatile compounds tubes arrangement versatility asset optimal cost effective production instance designed solar collector Unilayer Horizontal Tubular provide highest amount photosynthetic area using minimum implantation surface Multilayer Horizontal Tubular

large experience optimizing this production

technology different

algae species location environmental characteristics

type product applications Customers MAIN ADVANTAGES Fluid

flow dynamics:

reduction reactor zero velocity areas/dead volumes Fluid flow dynamics: constant velocity along piping extension long Optimized global mass energy

balance: nutrients mixing thermoregulation through internal coils Energetic optimization

cost effective production: efficient

circulation pumps Improved culture management parameter

control analysis fast response: adjust

culture circulation velocity temperature MULTILAYER HORIZONTAL TUBULAR This configuration comprises several layers tubes disposed horizontally parallel ground which means that higher volume area ratio This configuration most common microalgae sector been used several years This configuration allows more flexibility vary

ratio light/cell decrease
photo inhibition effect Ideal applications with artificial illumination only additional energy source since area available artificial light exposure high

compared unilayer configuration Higher ratio volume/area More flexibility vary

ratio light/cell Temperature more easily
controlled which might

represent advantage extreme heat environments Degassing

less critical higher volume oxygen
build UNILAYER HORIZONTAL

TUBULAR system developed optimization multilayer most applications special configuration comprises sole layer tubes

disposed horizontally parallel
ground which maximizes available radiation cell enabling very high photosynthetic efficiency; this configuration allows maximization volumetric productivity consequently higher culture concentrations more robust culture; another
direct impact

higher volumetric productivity decrease harvesting costs lower total volume culture Ideal cultures growing

exclusively

with solar radiation Lower ratio volume/area Lower amount water inorganic nutrients required reduction CAPEX

OPEX
Higher concentration biomass Better culture conditions quality higher annual productivity